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Numerical analyses on the shear behavior of single-keyed dry joints in precast high-strength concrete segmental bridges

Pages: --, Volume 16, Issue 4, 2019


Abstract: The structural behavior of precast concrete segmental bridges (PCSBs) is affected by the joints between the concrete segments. In this study, a numerical model was established to investigate the direct shear behavior of single-keyed dry joints in PCSBs. The numerical model was validated by the full-scale test results published by the authors. It was found that the numerical results of the joints, such as the ultimate shear load, cracking pattern, and load-displacement curves, matched the test results well. The validated numerical model was further used for extending parametric studies. The factors affecting the shear behavior of single-keyed dry joints include the confining pressure, concrete strength, and key depth. It was found that the ultimate shear capacity increased about 121% when the confining pressure increased from 0.1 to 3.0 MPa, it was very low under confining pressure of 0.1 MPa; it increased about 44% when the concrete strength increased from C40 to C100; it increased about 203% when the key depth increased from 15 to 40 mm. However, the ultimate shear capacity decreased about 20% when the key depth increased from 40 to 60 mm, hence 40 mm was recommended for the design depth of the single-keyed dry joints in PCSBs. Finally, the parametric analysis results were compared with the AASHTO specification. When the key depth was 35, 40 and 45 mm, the AASHTO specification conservatively predict the shear strength capacity of single-keyed dry joints.

Keywords: Precast high-strength concrete segmental bridges; single-keyed dry joints; concrete strength; confining pressure; key depth; numerical analysis
Mathematics Subject Classification:  

Received: July 2004; Revised: August 2004; Published: November 2004.